There are 9 ADA recognized types of specialists in the dental field. Your regular dentist that you see for 6 month checkups, fillings, and crowns is usually a general dentist. If you have certain dental needs or conditions, you may find yourself at another office. These are the 6 most commonly seen specialists.
Pediatric Dentists are just like general dentists as far as what they can do goes. They attend 2-3 years more of school and specialize in the treatment of children only.
Endodontist specialize in procedures like root canal treatments. According to the American Association of Endodontists, the average endodontist completes about 25 root canals per week, while the average general dentist completes closer to 2.
Orthodontist is there to treat misalignments of the teeth and jaw. It is important to have a good bite or straighter teeth to avoid speech problems, help with oral hygiene, and possible issues chewing.
Periodontist is a type of dentist who specializes in all things related to periodontal disease and bone loss. They will usually see more severe cases of periodontal disease. They are also trained in placing dental implants.
Prosthodontist specialize in replacing missing teeth, whether it be by bridge, implant, or denture. They are also trained in other cosmetic and functional procedures such as treatment of cleft palate in children and TMJ.
Oral and Maxillofacial surgeon attends the most school of all the specialties. The list of their abilities is quite impressive. They can administer anesthesia, complete extractions, implant surgery, sleep apnea, treat facial injuries, corrective jaw surgery, TMJ surgery, and that’s just to name a few.
The 3 not talked about are Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, and Dental Public Health.